The nasal cavity is lined with mucosa, which is connected to the rest of the respiratory and auditory systems – ears, sinuses, pharynx, throat, bronchi and lungs.
The nasal cavity is the entry point for viruses and bacteria that attack the respiratory tract. The nasal mucosa has therefore developed its own defense mechanisms to prevent infections and their spread. Even an immature child’s immune system cannot play its defensive role, so children often catch colds, but if they go to school or attend kindergarten, where the disease spreads easily, the common cold is even more common.
When the cold virus infects the nasal cavity and the infection is not prevented, it can spread:
- on the ear, leading to ear infections
- on the sinuses, causing sinusitis
- to the throat, causing inflammation of the throat and esophagus
- to the bronchi and bronchioles, which can cause bronchitis or bronchiolitis.
In addition to causing certain complications, cold viruses can weaken the nasal membrane and thus open the way for various bacteria, which can lead to further complications. We call them secondary bacterial infections.
Why and how to prevent them?
During the first few months of age, the baby breathes exclusively through the nose, as this allows him to breathe and feed at the same time. Any blockage or blockage in the nose causes problems with breathing, feeding and sleeping. If a cold causes a complication, the problems become even more severe for the baby, causing additional concern for the parents. Therefore, it is imperative to prevent colds and additional complications if at all possible.
Preventive measures are largely the maintenance of basic hygiene
Wash your children’s hands regularly. Babies are very fond of and often put their hands in their mouths, noses and rub their eyes, thus allowing viruses to enter the body.
Wash toys regularly, including plush ones.
Ask people who come in contact with your child to wash their hands and cover their mouths when they sneeze or cough.
Since babies do not know how to blow their noses on their own, you need to take care of good nasal hygiene.
The mucus that has accumulated in the nose needs to be removed.
Buy saline or prepare it yourself, as it is a 0.9% solution of sodium chloride (salt) in water. It is the only safe solution for use in infants, toddlers and children. Lay the child on his back and turn his head slightly back. Drop two to three drops of the solution into each nostril. Don’t worry if the baby sneezes, the solution will still find its way into the nasal cavity. Lift the baby. If the solution comes out of the nose, gently wipe it with a soft cloth.
Then use a nasal aspirator adapted to the size of the baby’s nostrils. Lay the baby on his back again. Pull the mucus out of one nostril first, then out of the other.